A battery is a situs slot online device that is capable of delivering electric power to a device. The development of technology in modern times has made scientists find a tool to conduct electricity without needing to be connected to an outlet. Maybe nowadays it’s very easy to find batteries, but it’s a different story when we go back to the 1900s.
Batteries were first discovered in the 18th century, by someone from Italy. His discovery is very meritorious for all of us. Try to imagine if there is no battery, of course there is no such thing as a smartphone or other sophisticated device that uses a battery. Who is the real inventor of the battery? Let’s discuss together in the next paragraph.
The History of Batteries Invented
The battery was first discovered in the 17th century by Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastio Volta, also known as Alessandro Volta. Alessandro was born on February 18, 1745 in Como, Lombardy, Italy. Before discovering the battery, Alessandro was already a well-known physicist in his country. In fact, he was already a professor of physics at the Royal School at the age of 30. Alessandro is very interested in the world of physics, especially in the world of electricity. He has a goal – that is to create a device that can generate static electricity to use an object.
Initially, Alessandro discovered and isolated methane gas in 1776, and because of his discovery, Alessandro was appointed chair professor of physics at the University of Pavia. Five years later Alessandro’s friend named Galvani said that when two metal contacts were of different strength, they would produce an electric current. This is interpreted on the discovery in real life as “Animal Electricity”.
One year later, in 1792, Alessandro began to experiment with using metal alone without the help of animals, and it turned out that the metal could produce an electric current. This sparked controversy at that time among scientists who believed metals and animals to trigger electric currents. Eight years later, Alessandro finally succeeded in giving a demonstration of a battery consisting of copper and tin separated by paper or cloth dipped in water. Since the demonstration the battery has grown to the present day. As we know, nowadays, batteries are widely used and even have various types of batteries.
Common Battery Types Today
Batteries have several types that are distinguished by size and function. Some even call primary batteries or batteries that are only used once. One-time use means that the battery has a period of time to drain electricity and is only temporary. Well, here are various types of batteries that are distinguished by size:
AAA batteries or often referred to as A3 are batteries that have a tube-like shape and are slim or small. Usually these batteries are used for some remotes such as TV and AC remotes.
There are also AA batteries or often referred to as A2 batteries. This battery is often used for various types of children’s toys as well as several devices such as wall clocks, flashlights or computer devices such as wireless mice or wireless keyboards.
Batteries C stone has the shape of a tube with a large size, with an estimated diameter of one inch. These batteries are commonly used for flashlights.
The D battery has the same function as the C battery but has a different shape. The shape of the D battery is a large tube and is commonly used for Remote control, or some radios.
Finally, there is a 9V battery with a box-like shape. These batteries are commonly used for sound systems such as guitar amps or remote control types.
So, there are several types of batteries on the market. Curious what batteries are made of? Actually, each brand of battery has different basic ingredients, here are the explanations.
Various Types of Battery Materials
The materials used in batteries in general are clearly different. You need to know that there are two types of batteries, namely single-use batteries and rechargeable batteries.
Okay, first we will discuss disposable batteries, which are as follows:
Batteries which are often referred to as Heavy Duty batteries are the most economical types of batteries. However, the battery life is not that good. The negative side of this battery is made of zinc and the positive side of the battery is made of carbon so it is called a Zinc (zinc) Carbon battery.
By using the electrolyte Potassium hydroxide, making this battery life much longer and in terms of price of course more expensive when compared to zinc carbon batteries. But for those of you who want to use disposable batteries with a long duration, then alkaline batteries are the right choice.
Among other disposable batteries, lithium batteries are the most powerful batteries in life. This battery can last up to 10 years. With a long service life, this battery is often used for watches and computer backup memory. These batteries are also often referred to as button batteries or coin batteries.
Silver Oxide Battery
This type of battery is made of silver, so the price of this battery is quite high. This battery is the same as a lithium battery which is used for watches but is more durable and has a relatively expensive price due to the basic ingredients.
Zinc Air Cell Battery
Zinc Air Cell battery is a battery that is often used for hearing aids. This battery is very durable and only has an anode. The cathode in this battery utilizes ambient air.
Furthermore, there are several types of rechargeable batteries, namely:
Alkaline Rechargeable Battery
Alkaline Rechargeable Batteries are rechargeable batteries that can be used many times. However, the amount of recharging the battery from this battery can only be filled 25 times. The advantage of this battery is that the price is much more affordable compared to other types of rechargeable batteries.
Ni-Cd (Nickel-Cadmium) Battery
The next rechargeable battery is a battery that has materials from nickel oxide hydroxide and metallic cadmium electrolytes. With these materials, this capacity and battery has a strong enough endurance to be used in the long term. But the drawback of this type of battery is that the more often the battery is recharged, the faster it runs out and the electricity stored in the battery runs out faster. In addition, this battery contains toxins that are dangerous when inhaled by humans. This is proven by the prohibition of throwing this battery waste in any place.
Ni-Mh Battery (Nickel-Metal Hydride)
This type of battery has a larger capacity when compared to Ni-Cd batteries. However, the reduction in electricity flow when finished charging is also greater than that of Ni-Cd. This type of battery is widely used for camera and radio communication batteries.
Li-Ion (Lithium-Ion) Battery
Currently, Li-ion type batteries are most widely used for various items such as vapes (electronic cigarettes), smartphones, and various other types of electronic goods. This is because this battery has a stronger endurance than other types of batteries. The decrease in electric current when not in use is also smaller than other batteries.
That’s some information that we can share with you. Hopefully useful and can help those of you who are looking for information about the type of battery. See you again.